Luke wrote two letters to theophilus, a greek nobleman whom he called most. The following outline is intended to be used while studying the book. Luke addressed both the gospel of luke and the book of acts to theophilus. It was a common name among both romans and jews at that time, so theres little we can know about him for certain. In my former book, theophilus, i wrote about all that jesus began to do and to teach until the day he was taken up to heaven, after giving instructions through the. In this passage, luke is restating the great commission challenge jesus gave in luke 24. Her second appearance also in the gospel of luke is on easter sunday when she and other women visits the empty tomb. The bible contains two letters from luke to theophilus. I venture to assign to theophilus a conjectural date of birth, circiter a. For, if the theme of the story be what christ did, then the book is, not the acts of. The importance of the book of acts the importance of this second of lukes twovolume work can. The name appears only two times in scripture and both times in the writings of luke luke 1.
It will help to keep the whole of the book before you as you work your way through each section. At the beginning of acts, the author mentions theophilus and references a former writing that appears to describe the book of luke. In this series, we are exploring the record of the early church as it continued the ministry of jesus. The guy named theophilus, who the author likely luke writes to and says, hey. The startup of christianity bibleproject the bible project. The evidence is overwhelming that god has not abandoned his statutes, laws, or commandments. Paul used the same term when addressing felix acts 23. If he did, the book is a sequel to the gospel of luke. The book begins with an account of the lords ascension and the election of matthias to. The book of acts, of course, is the very next book after the four gospels.
Theophilus, whose name is greek and means loved of philus god theo, was a gentile government official. Vocabulary and style are very similar in the two books. When theophilus, a roman merchant, is tasked by king herod to find the body of christ and prove he didnt rise from the dead, theophilus goes down a road that will change everything he ever believed in. Therefore, one of the most common theories is that theophilus was possibly a roman officer or highranking official in the roman government. Since this book was written to the same individual as the former, it was evidently written with the same design to furnish an authentic and full narrative. You will be my witnesses the book of acts amazing facts. Jesus did not nail gods perfect, loving, and beneficial instructions to and for mankind to the cross he nailed the penalty of sin to the cross. Theophilus books christinspired books and publishing. It opens with a greeting to theophilus, who was also the intended recipient of lukes gospel. The book of luke was written for a man named theophilus luke 1.
Together, the gospel of luke and the book of acts comprise about twentyfive percent of the new testament. Leithart demonstrates that the liturgy isnt a retreat from engagement with the world. It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent theophilus, acts 1. Free reading plans and devotionals related to acts 1. A brief introduction the gospel of luke and the book of acts were written by the same author. Just as his gospel opens with a dedication to theophilus, so also does acts. The identity of theophilus is a mystery to bible students. Lukes second letter to theophilus is what we today call the acts of the apostles, and by the he wrote it. In my former book, theophilus, i wrote about all that jesus began to do and to teach.
Theophilus who is theophilus in the bible luke and acts. Theophilus is the person to whom luke addresses the book of luke and the acts of the apostles. Theophilus encyclopedia of the bible bible gateway. The acts of the apostles a book written by luke the writer of the third gospel and addressed also to theophilus as was his gospel and which tells of the early christian church after the. In the introduction to the acts of the apostles, which is read for the ascension, luke writes. The first account i composed, theophilus, about all that jesus began to do and teach, until the day when he was taken up to heaven, after he had by the holy spirit given orders to the apostles. From the fact that luke applies to him the title most excellent, the same title paul uses in addressing felix acts 23. What if in luke and acts theophilus is not a person, but an address to all people who love god. It is thought that both the gospel of luke and acts of the apostles were written.
This honorific adjective, which in antiquity a person might use when approaching someone of a higher social class than himself, was deemed especially appropriate for. In my former book, theophilus, i wrote about all that jesus began to do and to teach acts 1. Another possibility is that theophilus was a wealthy and influential man in the city of antioch. These two commentary excerpts deal with these introductions to the books. A packed and succinct ebooklet on why christians should keep the sabbath by showing clearly why they do not. It is thought that both the gospel of luke and acts of the apostles were written by the same author, and often argued that the two books were originally a single unified work. The book of the acts of the apostles was written by saint luke toward the end of the first century, as the second part of his history for theophilus about christ and his church. The aim of this article is to investigate the nature of theophilus as the original reader of lukeacts. Luke wrote acts to describe the continued ministry of in the early church, completed by in the work of. It describes the early christian church, and theres a number of important lessons that we will find in our study through the book of acts.
However, there are many questions regarding the identity of this individual. The book of luke and acts, it would seem is a account written by the beloved physician luke, to theophilus. Leithart examines the liturgical features of creation. According to church tradition, luke wrote the book of acts. Also previously published under the titles testament of theophilus, the seven hills, and merchant of. Theophilus definition and meaning bible dictionary. The orthodox faith volume i doctrine and scripture. Luke uses this strategy as he addresses the book of acts and previously the gospel of luke to one individual named theophilus. In this initial chapter of his second volume, luke prepares his readers for the major events still to come. Luke wrote the acts and in the book theophilos becomes the adoptive father of loukas.
What struck me about the book was the devotion and service of the followers of the lord and their courage in persecution. He appeared to them over a period of forty days and spoke about the kingdom of god. It is uncertain what role in the early church he played but he is noteworthy in the thinking of luke for he directs both the gospel account and the acts account to theophilus. The book of acts records the spread of the gospel, beginning in the city of. In fact, he is the only person mentioned in the scriptures to whom writings were specifically dedicated tootoole, 1992. Contemporarily with the earliest manuscripts of acts, link to acts manuscript dating there is historical evidence that establishes that the theophoric name, theophilus was used as an honorific for a king or emperor, julian the emperor, oration ii, and eusebius in reference to constantine, eusebius history of the church book x, 8. Michael obrien brings the life of the early christians vividly to our inward sight. This honorific adjective, which in antiquity a person might use when approaching someone of a higher social class than himself, was deemed especially appropriate for addressing government officials. See introduction as to the title thus given to the book. An overview of the book of acts the life of the early church is recorded and preserved for us in the book of acts and the epistles. As mentioned, our lesson today, lesson number one is entitled you will be my witnesses.
The book of acts is telling me that if ive given my allegiance to jesus, im a part of a. Theophilus is the person to whom luke addressed both his gospel and the acts of apostles. His first is what we today call the gospel of luke. The abrupt ending of acts prior to pauls trial before caesar lends support to the idea that it may have initially served as a legal brief in pauls behalf cf. Both works are dedicated to a man named theophilus and share a common writing style. The book of acts begins with a summary of the previous volume, the gospel of luke, and then introduces the second volume. Theophilus the church of jesus christ of latterday saints. In the first book, o theophilus, i have dealt with all toggle navigation go. Were the gospel of luke and the book of acts written by. Abide bible sleep talk down i will be with you with calming relaxing peaceful music to beat.
A fluent tongue and an elegant style afford pleasure and such praise as vainglory delights in, to wretched men who have been corrupted in mind. Lukes writings have made a significant contribution to the churchs collection of holy scripture. Luke uses it, of what we should call the several books or portions of his histories. This is the second lesson in our series the book of acts. Each book bears witness to gods mission to restore and renew creation, first through the crucified and risen jesus, and then through his followers. Some have concluded that theophilus was the magistrate who heard pauls case in rome and that acts and luke was a legal brief in pauls defense isbe, theophilus 3. Gospel of luke, marcion, theophilus, and the simple solution. Who was theophilus at the beginning of luke and acts. The former treatise have i made, o theophilus, of all that jesus began both to do. That acts was a companion book to the gospel of luke is witnessed by lukes words in acts 1. Acts 1 web the first book i wrote, theophilus, bible. The person to whom luke addressed his gospel and the acts.487 478 1568 403 211 1410 1240 1656 32 330 455 962 1358 1052 159 885 946 1492 1477 643 1140 238 734 332 1498 895 152 1658 768 1246 1565 1281 348 1397 379 275 657 956 1065 966 882 1063 844 780 513 1071 330